A study by Lewi Stone, a mathematical biologist at the University of Tel Aviv in Israel, set out to determine the rate at which victims of the Holocaust were killed by the Nazis in World War II. Previous estimates suggested that 6,000 people were murdered daily at Auschwitz alone, but exact figures were difficult to verify because the deaths were covered up by the Nazis.
Stone focused his study on records of the “special trains” used to transport people. Overall, some 480 train trips were made from 393 separate Polish towns, destined for death camps such as Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka. Though also used for extermination, Auschwitz was also a forced-labor camp.
Stone’s research revealed a “three-month phase of hyperintense killing” highlighting the Nazis’ “pure focused goal of obliterating the entire Jewish people of occupied Poland in as short a time as possible.”