A violent Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated group, the Hasm Movement, carried out several deadly attacks contributing to an overall increase in terrorism plaguing Egypt last year, according to the 2018 Global Terrorism Index report.
Deaths from terrorist attacks more than doubled in Egypt in 2017, as coded by the Global Terrorism Database (GTD). Wilayat Sinai, the Islamic State’s Sinai Peninsula affiliate, remains Egypt’s deadliest group. Wilayat Sinai launched the deadliest attack in Egypt’s history when 311 people were killed in November 2017 in a coordinated assault on the al-Rawda mosque.
The Islamic State in Egypt, which operates in the country’s mainland and was responsible for 98 deaths in 2017, is the country’s second-deadliest terror group. But beyond the Islamic State affiliates, the next most lethal Egyptian terrorist group is the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) affiliate Hasm Movement. Hasm carried out seven attacks in 2017, resulting in 14 deaths.
While less lethal than Islamic State affiliates in the country, the Hasm Movement is relatively nascent, only emerging in 2016.
In June 2017, it detonated an “anti-vehicle explosive device” in Cairo “which led to the destruction to the military vehicle and the killing of two officers,” according to a Hasm Movement statement released shortly after that attack.