In 2007, Hamas seized power in the Gaza Strip in a violent coup, overthrowing the Palestinian Authority (PA) and creating a rift between the two main Palestinian movements that lasts to this day.
In the years that followed, Hamas turned its enclave into an Iranian-backed armed base and used it to terrorize southern Israel for years.
In response, Israel placed the Gaza Strip under a security blockade, which has changed in form throughout the years, but which is still guided by one central goal: To prevent Hamas from being able to conduct a massive military build-up program.
Since taking over Gaza, Hamas’s armed aggression against Israel has led to three armed conflicts, which have only increased the suffering and misery of Gaza’s estimated 2 million people.
Throughout this time, Hamas’s relations with other regional players, namely, the Palestinian Authority and Egypt, hit rock bottom.