EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Thirty-nine years have passed since Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile and established the Islamic Republic of Iran. Under his leadership, Iran has undergone significant changes that have left a mark on the basic concepts and worldview of its leaders. That process can be divided into five periods distinguishable by the effects they had on the discourse of the Republic. The signal achievement of the theocratic regime that emerged from the revolution is its ability to maintain its power. However, Tehran’s quest for regional hegemony has created a wave of social protest that arose from the gap between the foreign ambitions of the Islamic leadership and the people’s desire for a better life.
On February 1, 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini landed at Mehrabad Airport to the cheering of the crowds, and 10 days later he declared the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran under his leadership.
The change brought about by the Islamic Revolution led by Khomeini and its influence on modern-day Iran is indisputable. That change was nothing short of a restructuring of identity, values, norms, and patterns of thinking around the worldview of the leader of the revolution.
Since its establishment, the Islamic Republic has undergone several enormous changes. They can be divided into five distinct periods, each distinguishable by their essences and by the marks they left on the Republic’s discourse.