The Causes of War•
In the War of 1948, Israel vanquished the Arab states that invaded following its declaration of independence. None of the defeated Arab countries agreed to peace; instead, they vowed to fight again.
• In 1956, following months of terrorist attacks from the Gaza Strip, and Egyptian President Gamal Nasser’s closure of the Straits of Tiran, preventing Israel from transiting the international waterway, Israel fought Egypt in the Suez War.
• In exchange for Israel withdrawing from the Sinai Desert captured during the Suez War, a UN forcewas sent to the area to ensure peace between Israel and Egypt.
• In 1964, with the Israel National Water Carrier nearing completion, the Arab League decided to divert two rivers feeding into the Jordan River, reducing Israel’s water supply. In April 1967, Israel bombed two Syrian dams threatening its water resources.
• The Arab League created the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964 as a weapon to use against Israel. In 1965, thirty-five terrorist raids were conducted against Israel by the PLO. In 1966, the number increased to forty-one. In just the first four months of 1967, thirty-seven terror attacks were launched to kill Israeli civilians.
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