Seventy years ago, a defeated and devastated Japan, fed and clothed by America, organized itself to put together a new constitution that enshrined the famous “Article 9”:
“Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes.
“In order to accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.”
Little known, but outlined in a recently published book in Japanese, The Special Country, the Japanese constitution was written by a secret group of legal scholars and lawyers, hidden during the war, and then adopted by the administration of General Douglas McArthur as the new Japanese constitution.
Article 9 came about when the Japanese Prime Minister, Kijuro Shidehara, arriving back by train through the utterly destroyed city of Tokyo, went straight from the station to meet with General McArthur and requested that an article be put in the Japanese Constitution forbidding not only a military but war itself.
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