If one really wishes to get into the minutia and every particular of the latest lunacy, one can read the entire PDF document Security First which gives the entirety of a plan for a new partial surrender of land for peace. Then going further with a series of sources there is the entire media blitz from a group calling themselves “Commanders for Israel’s Security”. No matter how they tell their story or whatever blitz and glitz they add to polish it and make it sparkle and dazzle, their plan is another retreat without requiring the Arab side to make any concessions or even to recognize Israel’s right to exist as the homeland for the Jewish people. There is this impatience which infects groups time after time as they break down under the threats and demands from Europeans and other international sources, in this case including Saudi Arabia represented as…
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Great civilizations existed in northern Nigeria before the West ever set foot there. The Kanem Bornu Empire (700-1900) stretched to present-day Chad, Libya, Niger and Cameroon, and was bound by trade and ethnic similarities and religion.
Present day Northern Nigeria is home to the large Hausa ethnic group. The Hausa language is spoken by more than 50 million people across the present-day Sahel (north Central Africa, spanning much of Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Togo, Chad, and Sudan). Hausa is still the region’s second language of trade; the primary languages come from the region’s colonizers: English, French and to a degree, Arabic.
In the early 19th century, a towering Islamic figure, Sheikh Uthman ibn Fodio (1754-1817), emerged in what is now northwest Nigeria. Although of ethnic Fulani extraction, he galvanized support across the Hausa-dominated regions and parts of the old Kanem Bornu Empire. In this multi-ethnic region, he had a uni-directional purpose: Islamic evangelism, imperialism and dominance. He ended up creating an Islamic Caliphate.
]In the mid-20th century, the Western powers partitioned West Africa, and other parts of the African continent, into nation-states that had nothing in common with each other apart from geographical proximity. The ethnic groups that made up the old order still consider themselves as distinctive nations, regardless of the fragmentation of the Caliphate into multiple nation-states. Under such splintering, it was easy for the ideas of Islamists Sayyid Qutb or Osama Bin Laden violently to re-order the region through Jihad to reverberate and gain a following.
Boris Johnson must be feeling rather chipper this morning as he prepares for tonight’s Telegraph debate (which you can watch from 19.00 on Telegraph.co.uk) because the polls suggest that public support for Leave is pulling ahead. Our latest ORB poll finds Leave has moved into the lead for the first time since April, winning 49% of support from those definite to vote, compared to 48% for Remain. Johnson accused Remainers of “panicking” over the polls in an interview with the Sun, which has this morning thrown its weight behind Brexit. This is not where David Cameron would have wanted his campaign to be right now, with just 9 days to go until Britain votes.
Remain may still be five points ahead (49/44%) of Leave when looking at how all voters are feeling in ORB’s poll ,but that underlines how Europhiles will have to make sure as many of their supporters turn out as possible next Thursday. Brexiteers have also increased their support among the wider electorate by 4% per cent since last week, while Remain has slipped by 3%. “These positive trends for Leave among the entire electorate, as well as definite voters, indicate that both its messaging and campaign tactics may be beginning to pay off,” Sir Lynton Crosby writes in today’s paper, suggesting the recent focus on immigration has been a boon for Brexiteers.
This doesn’t mean all is lost for Remain campaigners, as this adverse polling could be what they need to motivate their supporters into coming out. It had previously been suggested that complacent Remainers could end up losing as their supporters would stay at home, thinking their side would coast to victory, but that theory is now looking rather flimsy. Remain is still ahead when voters were asked by ORB which option would be best for the economy, jobs, although Norman Lamont has argued in today’s paper that Britain could have a “better” economic relationship with the EU after Brexit.
Meanwhile, Leave has consolidated its lead on the issue of immigration. So it’s hard to see how Ed Balls hopes to help his fellow Remainers by writing in the Daily Mirror that David Cameron’s EU deal does not do enough to limit migration and that the Government must “press Europe to restore proper borders”, effectively admitting that Brexiteers are right to argue that Britain isn’t able to get to grips with migration as things stand. Labour is continuing to take charge of the Remain campaign this week, with Jeremy Corbyn set to deliver a speech, standing with his whole Shadow Cabinet, saying he has “just nine days to convince Labour supporters to vote Remain”. His performance will be keenly watched to see if he can summon up more than 7-7.5/10 enthusiasm in his bid to get Remainers on the front foot and to reassure supporters that he is not – as Tom Harris suggests – a secret agent for the Brexiteers. You can follow today’s events on our liveblog.
Enthusiasm is something not in short supply in the Brexit camp, as Michael Gove has admitted that he doesn’t mind if his “Cabinet career is over” due to how he has chosen to campaign in the referendum. Meanwhile Priti Patel, who’ll be debating alongside Johnson tonight for Brexit, has warned Remainers that personal attacks on him are “counterproductive” and will backfire. As a new survey from Pew suggests the British public is increasingly isolationist in outlook, the Brexiteer message may be starting to take root in voters’ minds.
On April 25, Deputy Prime Minister Mehmet Simsek, while speaking at the High-Level EU-Turkey Economic Dialogue meeting in Istanbul, said that the full membership process to the European Union was Turkey’s most crucial strategic target.
Simsek noted that Turkey will increase the quality of its institutions, strengthen the rule of law and complete the approximation process with Europe by running a reform process.
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, however, has made affectionate statements expressing his admiration not for the European Union, but for the last Islamic caliphate — the Ottoman Empire, an expansionist Islamic realm that committed massacres, rapes, and sexual slavery of people in the lands it invaded.
In Istanbul on May 30, 2015, in a public meeting celebrating the 562nd anniversary of the fall of Constantinople, Erdogan, sounded more like an Ottoman sultan than the leader of a NATO member nation.
Brexiteers are continuing to push hard on immigration, with Turkey and its potential EU membership an encapsulation of the issue. Priti Patel has seized on MigrationWatch analysis to warn that an extra 100,000 people a year could come to the UK from Turkey because David Cameron’s support for Turkey’s accession, with her remarks coming hours after the Prime Minister told Andrew Marr that there was “no prospect” of the country joining “within decades”. Boris Johnson has waded into the row, writing in today’s paper that Remainers have”nothing to say” on immigration. “Their mouths just open and shut, wordlessly,” he quipped. The “fundamental” question for them, Johson goes on to say, is: “How can we control immigration as long as we are in the EU?”
Pro-EU advocates are much more talkative about the economy, with the Prime Minister warning that Brexit would “suck the energy out of our Government and our country” and trigger a “lost decade for Britain”. European Council President Donald Tusk has lent him a helping hand in arguing this by warning that the process of withdrawing from the EU could take at least seven years. The Remainers will gain an extra shot of credibility on the economy now that they have won over Treasury Select Committee Chairman Andrew Tyrie, who will explain his thinking in a speech this morning, and BT, with the telecoms giant explaining its stance to staff in a letter. Europhiles have their own question they want voters to consider: is it worth putting the economy at risk just to cut immigration?
David Cameron’s hopes of bringing his party back together after the referendum may be harder to achieve than he first thought, as Sir John Major has suggested pro-Brexit Tories should consider whether they can continue serving in his cabinet given their tone towards him. “They have said so much about the Prime Minister, so much that is critical of the Government that I think you’d have to ask them: would they be prepared to serve in a Conservative Cabinet?,” he told John Pienaar. Meanwhile one of the Cameron’s biggest donors has withdrawn his financial support for Conservatives and is considering quitting the party over the way he has handled the referendum, we report. Pensions expert Edi Truell, who has donated over £270,000 since 2010, said he will only hand over money if Boris Johnson or Michael Gove take over from Cameron after a Brexit vote, and suggested other big Tory donors are also reconsidering their financial backing. John Major has also called on
Labour’s referendum campaign machine is chuntering into life today. Gordon Brown is leading a final push to stop Brexit, arguing to voters that Britain should “lead, not leave” in a series of events that will be carefully choreographed with No 10. The former Prime Minister will also set out a raft of reforms he feels Britain could achieve when it takes over the EU presidency of the council of ministers next year, and the Guardian reports he has already shared his plans with David Cameron.
Constitutional questions continue to be raised about what could happen after the referendum. Alex Salmond – who is debating the EU with Boris Johnson at our debate tomorrow night – has said that David Cameron could face a second independence referendum in Scotland within the next three and a half years after a Brexit vote. Meanwhile, the Queen told the crowds present in The Mall for the celebration of her 90th birthday yesterday about the “many benefits that can flow when people come together for a common purpose – as family, friends or neighbours”. “David Cameron would not seek to claim the Queen as an ally and to politicise her remarks,” we say in a leader, “but he must hope that they are interpreted as an appeal for a Remain vote as polls remain on a knife edge.”